The Science of Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder affecting the ways in which the body uses various nutrients for growth and energy. The root cause of this disorder is insulin resistance, which is a result of the body’s inability to efficiently and effectively convert glucose – a simple sugar made from the food you eat – to energy. Insulin, a hormone produced by the beta cells in the pancreas, aids in the transfer of glucose into the bloodstream, where it is used or metabolized by cells for growth and energy. Diabetes results when changes in metabolism alter both the ability of insulin to work on its target tissues and the ability of the beta cells to make and secrete insulin.